Psychosis and related mental disorders in women
Psychosis - a serious mental disorder, such a deep violation of the mental, emotional and affective components is considered quite dangerous for patients.
The Disease manifests itself in a sharp change in the patient's behavior, loss of an adequate attitude to life and others, and lack of desire to perceive the existing reality. At the same time, mental disorders interfere with the awareness of the presence of these very problems, a person can not independently eliminate them.
Due to the emotional component, hormonal explosions and exposure to stress, women's psychoses, and other mental disorders are twice as common as men's (7% vs. 3%, respectively).
What are the reasons and who risks the most?
The main reasons for the development of psychosis in women are as follows:
- pregnancy and childbirth;
- diseases of various organs and systems;
- infectious diseases;
- alcohol poisoning or drug abuse;
- prolonged chronic stress;
- various types of mental illness;
- depressive States.
One of the main reasons is increased emotional excitability or the presence of such a disease in a woman's family, mother, sister, that is, the genetic component.
What is PSYCHOSIS?
Who is at risk
The root cause of psychosis is often alcohol abuse and subsequent intoxication of the body. In most cases, men are most susceptible to alcoholism, so the female sex suffers from alcohol psychosis much less often and tolerate it faster and easier.
But there is also a reason that is only specific to women, which increases the risk of the disease. This is pregnancy and the birth of a child. The physical factors of psychosis, in this case, can include toxicosis, beriberi, a decrease in the tone of all body systems, various diseases or complications due to difficult gestation and childbirth.
Psychological factors include fear, anxiety, increased emotional sensitivity, and unwillingness to become a mother. At the same time, postpartum mental disorders are more common than during pregnancy.
Women with mental disorders are characterized by such changes in behavior and life activity (with symptoms visible only from the outside, the patient herself does not know that she is ill):
- lack of resistance to stress, which often leads to tantrums or scandals;
- the desire to shut out communication with colleagues, friends, and even family;
- there is a craving for something unreal, supernatural, interest in magical practices, shamanism, religion, and similar areas;
- appearance of various fears and phobias;
- reduced concentration, impaired mental activity;
- loss of strength, apathy, or unwillingness to show any activity;
- sudden change of mood for no apparent reason;
- sleep disorders that may manifest as excessive sleepiness or insomnia;
- decrease or complete lack of desire to eat.
If a woman herself was able to detect any signs of psychosis or they were noticed by her relatives, then it is necessary to urgently seek qualified help.
Types of mental disorders
Psychoses can be divided into two large groups:
- Organic. In such cases, psychosis is a consequence of a physical illness, a secondary disorder after disorders of the Central nervous and cardiovascular systems.
- Functional. Such disorders are initially caused by a psychosocial factor and the presence of a predisposition to their occurrence. These include affective disorders, disorders of the process of thinking and perception. Among others, the most common are: manic - depressive psychosis, schizophrenia, paranoia, paranoid.
Postpartum psychosis can be singled out Separately, it appears in 1 - 3% of women in the first months after the birth of a child, in contrast to the more common postpartum depression, the psychotic deviation does not pass by itself and requires treatment under the qualified supervision of specialists.
- reduced appetite and rapid weight loss;
- constant anxiety, sharp mood swings;
- desire for isolation, refusal to communicate;
- violation of self-esteem;
- thoughts of committing suicide.
Symptoms appear individually, some may be within a day after delivery, others a month later. The reasons for this type of psychotic deviation may be different, but they are not fully investigated by scientists. It is well known that it affects patients who have a genetic predisposition.
Mental Failure can be accompanied by various conditions that provoke violations in the work of the entire body of a woman.
Violation of the diet, activity and rest, emotional tension, taking medication. These factors "hit" the nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, and endocrine systems. The manifestation of concomitant diseases is individual.
Who can I contact for help?
Self-Medication in this case is contraindicated. It is also not necessary to contact familiar doctors of various specialties, psychologists, folk healers. Treatment should only be performed by a public or private doctor - a highly qualified psychotherapist!
Unfortunately, a woman suffering from psychosis cannot seek help herself, because she does not notice the signs of her illness. Therefore, the responsibility falls on the mother's relatives and friends. Seek medical help as soon as possible.
The Specialist will examine the patient, send them for additional tests and prescribe treatment and necessary medications based on their results.
Treatment can take place in a hospital with the participation of medical staff, or at home. When treating at home, a mandatory safety measure will be taking care of the baby with the least intervention of the mother (in the case of postpartum mental failure). The nanny or relatives should take care of this until all the patient's symptoms disappear.
Treatment usually consists of a complex that includes:
- medications, usually antipsychotics, antidepressants (Remeron, Prozac, Elavil. Luvox, ), mood stabilizers;
- psychotherapy-regular sessions with a psychotherapist and family psychologist;
- social adaptation.
The patient can not immediately realize, accept their condition to the end. Relatives and friends should be patient to help a woman return to a normal lifestyle.
The consequences of a lack of therapy are extremely adverse. The patient loses touch with reality, her behavior becomes inappropriate and dangerous not only for her own life and health, but also for others.
A Person is suicidal, may become a victim or cause of violence.
How can I prevent a mental breakdown?
Preventive measures include:
- regular monitoring of your health;
- treatment of diseases that may cause mental disorders;
- strengthening the immune system;
- physical activity;
- active social life;
- no smoking, alcohol, or drugs;
- reducing stress and fatigue in everyday life;
- thorough, diverse preparation for pregnancy and childbirth;
- preparation for menopausal changes in the body.
Prevention should be a priority, especially for those women who are prone to emotional failures or have a hereditary predisposition to psychotic disorders.